The Importance Of Systems Theory

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The most common theories that were identified throughout the eight (8) articles were systems and ecological. A few articles touch on other theories as well, but these frameworks were not as prevalent.
The authors of both articles 1 & 2 discussed how frequent moves and lack of support systems as well as poor communication between agencies affect a youth’s ability to acquire adequate housing. The systems theory states that all parts of a system are interconnected and any change in one area will change the entire system (White, Klein & Martin, 2015).
Paul-Ward & Lambdin-Pattavina (2016) point out that learned helplessness negatively affects teens aging out of the system and, further, puts a large financial and health burden on
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One of the theory’s propositions states that a person’s ability to adjust is negatively affected by the amount of conflict in the system (White, et al., 2015).
Richards (2014) as well as Dworsky, et al. (2013) identified the ecological theory when describing how multiple placements make it impossible for youth to establish solid relationships thereby severely limiting their social network. When faced with homelessness, the youth has no one to turn to for help. The ecological theory holds that environment shapes human development and that individuals are pack creatures who need human relationships to adapt and grow (White, et al., 2015).
Scannapieco, et al. (2007) specifically stated “Positive youth development is a deliberate process by which youth are engaged in supportive relationships, which enables them to develop the living skills and knowledge to maintain their emotional health needed to function on their own” (p. 430). This directly speaks to the ecological theory which supports that individuals grow and adapt through interchanges within their immediate and distant ecosystems (White, et al.,
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Foster children are frequently moved and lack healthy role models to teach them life skills during this period of their life. The life course theory states that if an individual does not fall in line with society’s sequence or timing of when events should occur then it can adversely affect a person in later life (White, et al., 2015).
The life course theory was also discussed by Geiger & Schelbe (2013) when they claimed that a lack of support for emerging adults is in conflict with the current social norm. This theory proposes that norms are rules created by society that manage human behavior (White, et al., 2015)
In the research conducted by Shpiegel, et al. (2016), studies show that childhood sexual abuse victims are at a higher risk of drug use and delinquency. While the main theory is more related to the systems framework, there is an inconspicuous theory also playing out. Sexual predators are motivated by their own self-interest. The offender holds a majority of the power which gives them control of the situation. This is an example of the conflict

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