Social Development Theory: The Life Cycle Theory In Social Work

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As I have grown up and moved out of my parent 's house, I have had many friends change the way that they choose to live their lives and have lost friends that I used to be close to because I have changed too. I didn 't think much about these phases in my life; until I got into Professor Stensgaard 's human behavior class. As soon as I was introduced to the developmental theory, I connected my past to this theory because of my personal experiences. The developmental theory is based on how human behavior unfolds throughout a person 's life and how that person changes or stays the same (Hutchison, p. 58). I can see how the developmental perspective is crucial in social work because of how influential experiences in someone 's life can affect the …show more content…
The life cycle theory is one of the main tenants in the developmental perspective due to its explanation of the different cycles that social worker 's base their client 's behaviors on. The life cycle theory consists of stages for a human being from the time that they are born to late adulthood. The stages in the theory include basic trust versus mistrust, shame versus doubt, initiative versus guilt, industry versus inferiority, identity versus role confusion, intimacy versus isolation, generativity versus stagnation, and integrity versus despair (Hutchison, p. 60). Each stage represents people from when they are babies to late adulthood and the main conflict that a person is expected to experience in that specific age. The stages are meant to be able to represent all walks of life and to represent the main psychosocial crisis that people experience within each inner life stages. For each inner life stage of the theory, people have unique behaviors that affect their life …show more content…
One of the articles that I found, called ‘I’m NOT the Problem!’’ Externalizing Children’s ‘‘Problems’’ Using Play Therapy and Developmental Considerations by Brie A. Turns and Jonathon Kimmes, was based on using the developmental theory with children and how using the stages helps with making a client 's experience with a social worker unique. I found this article perfect for proving how well the developmental theory works in social work because the article discusses how children are usually forced into therapy and how children can then think that they are the problem. In addition, Turns and Kimmes support that the child works better in therapy when the worker uses the developmental theory to make the therapy unique to each client depending on where he or she in in life and what stage they are in (Turns & Kimmes, 2014). The article focuses on play therapy and narrative therapy to focus on where the client is; which is Erikson 's developmental theory focuses on prominently. This theory is extremely important to social work because every client has a different story and needs a unique form of therapy and work to help them in their

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