The Importance Of Male Infant Circumcision

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Male infant circumcision (MIC) is the most common surgical procedure in the world. In 2011, it was estimated that one-third of the world’s men were circumcised, according to the World Health Organization. A study by Dan Bollinger in the Journal of Boyhood Studies states that every year in the United States, over one million newborn infant males are circumcised (76). The infant has no choice in the outcome of his body. The only justification for the removal of the foreskin should be a medical emergency. MIC procedures conducted on neonates are not consensual and violate his bodily rights. However, many studies claim that a circumcision is healthy and beneficial. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published the latest “Circumcision Policy …show more content…
Barry Lyons, Division of Ethics, School of Medicine, Trinity College, in Dublin, Ireland, published the article “Male Infant Circumcision as an ‘HIV Vaccine’ ”. Lyons claims that MIC is a prophylaxis against disease. He elaborates by saying “If MIC is a good thing to do in Africa, it is also a good thing to do in other countries, even those countries with a low HIV prevalence.” (Lyons 95). Circumcision can reduce the transfer rate of HIV by denying the bloodstream access to the virus during vaginal intercourse (Lyons 91). He elaborates; an uncircumcised penis is more susceptible to infection due to the inner prepuce having a permeable mucous membrane. The permeability of this membrane allows for an easier transfer of viruses. The concept is that the skin of a circumcised penis becomes callous or keratinized, providing a better barrier to virus transfer (Lyons 91). On the contrary, in the same study, Lyons concedes that the rate of HIV is in decline while the rate of circumcision is also declining in the United Kingdom (95). The low rate of circumcision along with the low rate of HIV infection could stem from education and proper personal hygiene. HPV is another highly communicable disease. Although HPV is not deadly, it can contribute to uterine cancer. The Journal of Infectious Diseases published a study by Beibei Lu …show more content…
Studies examining circumcision and UTIs are difficult to standardize as a result of the definitions and terminology associated with severe congenital problems as published in the Indian Journal of Urology, by Berk Burgu, Department of Pediatric Urology, Ankara University. In a study of 58000 newborn infants in Canada, the risk of UTI for circumcised infants was 1.88 in 1000 and 7.02 in 1000 for uncircumcised infants (Burgu 14). The higher rate of UTI in uncircumcised infants can be attributed to bacterial growth in the mucosal tissue (Burgu 14). Although the increased rate of infection in uncircumcised infants is 4-10 fold, there is a lack of adequate evidence to support routine circumcision (Burgu 14). UTIs are treatable with antibiotics; however, in rare cases, antibiotics cannot reduce the number of bacterial colonies. As a result, circumcision is medically necessary to prevent future complications due to UTI (Burgu 14). The occurrence of a UTI does not outweigh the risks associated with the circumcision surgery. The probability of complications as a result of circumcision are greater than the risks of remaining

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