The Importance Of Birds In The Woodlands Of Westfield

Great Essays
Introduction: The importance of this study is to learn about birds and their relation to their habitat. There are many bird species that are abundant in the the woodlands of Westfield. Where different species of bird are located, depends on the environment. An environment can have a completely different habitat than another environment. Because of this, we suspect birds to favor one habitat over the other. From our hypothesis, we believe birds are going to be more numerous by the Westfield River than the wetland and will be more active during the morning. Question

Where are birds going to be most commonly spotted at walking distance from Westfield State University, the wetland or the westfield river floodplain forest?

Background:
…show more content…
There are several different forest habitats in the region(ma habitat) Therefore, birds have a choice of their habitat, and their choice depends on one factor. That is birds select their habitat based on vegetation structure (seasonal bird, proquest). Vegetation can vary from openfield, to understory an midstory. There can also be distinct niches of vegetation such as disturbed sites with downed treefall, trees with snags and cavities, places with deciduous leaf litter, and forested wetlands (ma habitat). Certain species of bird, prefer to interact and nest in certain habitats. When birds migrate they select a preferred habitat based on available food sources, suitable nesting sites, competition of other species, and risk of predation (seasonal bird, proquest). The type of vegetation determines the habitat they want to live off …show more content…
They are a wetland (forested wetland) and a mid/upper story floodplain forest. To start let’s explain what a wetland and floodplain forest are. A wetland is where water covers the soil or either present near the surface of the soil for the year, or varying periods of time in the year (U.S EPA). The long term presence of water makes conditions for only specially adapted plants to thrive (U.S EPA). A floodplain forest is a bottomland or deciduous conifer forest that occur within the active zone of flooding of rivers and streams (Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Mass.gov). They are low lying areas, that receive annual silt deposition when it floods, making the soil mineral rich (Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Mass.gov)..
A wetland habitat, typically contains a low average canopy height and abundance of ground cover, primarily ferns and shrubs (ma habitat). The low canopy height influences bird habitat, as well as an higher canopy would. Canopy height height directly influences the nesting site potential of birds (ma habitat. Since a wetland has a low canopy, this dense forest layer provides potential nest sites because of its protective cover (ma - habitat). The protective cover of the thick vegetation, makes the habitat a good place to hide from predators, therefore ideal for birds to nest and lay

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    One way is when the ecosystem is changed it can cause the birds to have no home. The american kestrels like to out in the open and if we change this to where there is no open areas there will be a big chance that there are not as many of these species as there is now. This is because if we start growing forests where there is open areas there will be nowhere for the american kestrel to perch or hunt. They also like the farmland. The reason they like the farmland is it is easier to find prey because they can hover over the fields and then swoop down to catch what they spot.…

    • 1017 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Riparian Zone

    • 2672 Words
    • 11 Pages

    Both microhabitat and macrohabitat characteristics were observed and analyzed. To understand how forested buffers affect microhabitat, Kelly explains that leaf litter from trees are the basis of the soil and substrate of the forest buffer floor. Macroinvertebrates, generally insects, depend on the leaf litter as a food source and decompose it. The insects then feed the fish, and other wildlife in turn eat the fish. Reforestation also provides a food source and shelter for wildlife species including beavers, otters, birds, bats, reptiles, and amphibians, and vertical cover is critical for species like deer and bobcats.…

    • 2672 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Birdbaths and birdfeeders should be kept at least 5 meters away from shrubbery. A cover which can reveal approaching predators should be used. Feeders should be kept 10-12 feet from covers which are dangerous. 2. If there are shrubs or hedges near your yard which can conceal predators, install a wire fence in the front to prevent birds from being attacked by predators.…

    • 1542 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Knowing how to find food is what keep birds alive. When people feed birds, they are making them dependable of humans. They don't have to search for food, when they know it is waiting for them. The reason why being dependable is so harmful for birds is because they won't be fed forever by that person. There are many things that could keep a person to continue feeding birds like economic problems, home changing, or even death.…

    • 1031 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Biological Conservation 42: 115-132. Ligon, F.K., Dietrich, W.E., and W.J. Trush. 1995. Downstream ecological effects of dams.…

    • 9708 Words
    • 39 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Group foraging boost-up the chances of detecting predators. While foraging some birds keep vigilance and keep their eye on predation threat. Therefore birds would randomly choose between foraging and keeping vigilance. Birds have some kind of social interaction by which they communicate on detecting the predators,…

    • 1157 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Beak wiping is used by some birds as a way of marking their teritory. This behavior may be seen when birds are kept in areas in which other birds are nearor introduced to others. Biting: Birds will bite for more than one reason so it+s important to observe the bird's immediate environment and other behaviors to determine the reason behind it. Being angry, being fearful, or defending teritory can all be causes for a bird to bite. An open beak with hissing and a crouching position is a positive indication that the bird will…

    • 990 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Duetting In Birds

    • 1402 Words
    • 6 Pages

    One hypothesis for duetting is the joint territory defense hypothesis which suggests that birds use duets so that the pair can defend their territory against rivals of the same species. Another hypothesis is mate-guarding in which a member of the pair duets in order to keep same-sex rivals away from their mate. A third hypothesis is the acoustic contact hypothesis. This hypothesizes that birds use duets to remain aware of their mating partners in areas where visual contact might not be feasible, for example in a habitat that is very dense (Mennill,…

    • 1402 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    All of this is happening while the trees let out oxygen and give the creatures a place to live safely. One of the biggest impacts deforestation has is on animal habitats. The trees are almost like the foundation of a forest ecosystem. They protect and nurture the animals, giving them shelter and food, all while cleaning up the environment. Most plants and animals live in areas that have a very specific climate that helps them survive and thrive.…

    • 927 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Data Synthesis Essay

    • 2327 Words
    • 10 Pages

    Birds are important in agriculture, environmental impact research and an ecosystem as a whole. According to Bright (1993: 150) it is apparent that the research into bird calls is lacking and as such I believe that it is apt to approach this study as of value by proposing a new question – what are the parameters of a bird call with regards to flock feeding and how is this ultimately a benefit to the…

    • 2327 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Superior Essays