Fossil Fuels: Environmental Case Study


Fossil fuels such as oil, coal, and gas have dominated and supplied most of the world’s energy needs for decades. As the dominant energy supply, it is not likely to be eliminated. It is thought to remain persistently in the environment for the next few generations. Fossil fuels have many long term consequences; for starters they are not a renewable source, thus they can deplete faster than they can be renewed. Not only are they exhaustible, they are a major threat to the environment; of particular concern is the threat towards the health of wildlife, ecosystems, environment, and human beings. The ignorant uses of these resources have resulted in various oil spills over aquatic ecosystems that have in turn harmed and killed
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There were reports of visual disturbances coupled with sensitivity by underwater species towards the noise generated during the construction of wind farms. Offshore locations refer to the construction of wind farms in the water due to the stronger availability of winds; as the wind is normally stronger at sea than on land there has been an increase in the number of offshore wind farms than onshore (Leung and Yang, 2012). Wind energy has positive and negative impacts on humans, the environment, and marine biodiversity in regards to visual and noise disturbances, but its positive factors have indicated that there is potential for wind energy to replace the fossil fuel …show more content…
Over the last few decades, wind energy has developed by leaps and bounds (Leung and Yang, 2012). The biggest countries in the world such as India, China, USA, Germany, and Spain are the biggest contributors and users of wind energy (Leung and Yang, 2012). Germany has a total energy installation at 16, 500 MW (Joselin, Iniyan, Sreevalsan & Rajapandian, 2007). China replaced the United States as the biggest country to utilize wind power in 2010, but was later surpassed by its counterpart in the same year. The increase in wind energy for both countries was due to the availability of wind. On windy days, energy can be used in an increased abundance. A notable example of this case was in Spain; in 2010, Spain experienced a particularly windy year, so wind power accounted for 16.6 percent of the national net power consumption (Leung and Yang, 2012). India has also incorporated renewable wind energy resources into their economy; this action has landed them in fifth place amongst the other wind using countries. Ultimately, the countries illustrated above show that wind power is well distributed across the world; both developing and developed countries are involved in the switch to a more ‘green’

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