The Human Rights Act Of 1998 Essay

2000 Words Dec 10th, 2014 null Page
In November 2000, the European Convention on Human Rights was incorporated into the UK law through the Human Rights Act of 1998. The Human Rights Convention came into effect in 1953 and was technically ratified by the UK in 1966 when it recognised the compulsory jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights . The Convention outlines fundamental human rights, including: right to life, freedom from torture and inhuman or degrading treatment, freedom from slavery or forced labour, freedom of the person, right to a fair trial, prohibition of retrospective criminal legislation, right to privacy, freedom of conscience, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly, and the right to marry.
The rights outlined by the Convention are to be guaranteed to every citizen without discrimination based on gender, race or ethnicity, colour, religion, language or cultural background, nationality, social status, political opinion, association to a minority group, age, and so on. Enacting the Human Rights Act of 1998 therefore gave effect to rights as well as freedoms guaranteed under the Convention. The enforcement of the Human Rights Act in the UK means that people living in the UK can now take cases about their human rights violations to a UK court or tribunal. Previously, such cases were filed at the European Court of Human Rights located in Strasbourg, France. Basically, under this law, it is unlawful for any public authority, which includes government departments, local authorities…

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