The French Revolution : The Revolution Of The Western Ideals Of Freedom And Liberty For All

1249 Words Dec 18th, 2015 5 Pages
Liberté ou mort!- Liberty or death, a popular phrase during the French Revolution, the birth of the western ideals of freedom and liberty for all. The French Revolution was a pivotal period in pre-modern history that caused many changes to the world’s culture, pushing towards modernity. The “freedom fighters” of the French Revolution were fighting to end the rule of their absolutist king, but what actually came from their rebellion was more than what any of them could ever imagine- a transformation political and societal ideas for the entire world. Similar to the American Revolution, one of the major reasons for the rebellion that caused the French Revolution was a raise in taxes. However, unlike in America, not all of France’s social classes, or Estates, were taxed the same (Cannistraro 633). The First Estate, the clergy paid a sum of money to the government every five years but were otherwise exempt from chief taxation. Higher, more important clergy often lived like and associated with the nobility while the lower clergy associated themselves among the poor. The Second Estate, the nobility, who were also exempt from the chief tax, was divided into two subclasses, the nobles of the robe, who held many of the government and military offices, and the nobles of the sword, who claimed to be direct descendants of the medieval nobility. The last Estate, the Third Estate was made up of peasants, farmers, shopkeepers and artisans. and the bourgeoisie, or middle class. The Third…

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