The French Revolution: Maximillian Robespierre

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The French Revolution from 1789 to 1799 was a period in European history in which the monarchy was overthrown and restriction was forced upon the Roman Catholic Church. There are many causes to the French Revolution, including the monarchy’s extreme debt problems, high taxes, reduced harvests, and much more. The Revolution was shaped by very distinct ideas, many of them were drawn heavily on the philosophies of the Enlightenment and the writings of the philosophes. The French Revolution greatly advanced the Enlightenment ideals of humanity through various events such as the rebellions against the French monarchy and the act of trying to separate power within the government. Although Maximillian Robespierre’s actions as a dictator did betray …show more content…
Philosopher John Locke once stated that “in political philosophy, the right of revolution is the right or duty of the people of a nation to overthrow a government that acts against their common interests.” If the government does not protect the rights of the people, the citizens have the authority to revolt against the government to defend and take back their rights. Based on John Locke’s ideas of man’s three unalienable rights of Life, Liberty, and Property from his book “Two Treatises on Government”, the members of the Third Estate in the French social hierarchy teamed up and formed the National Assembly in order to secure their rights from the French monarchy. On July 14, 1789, a dissatisfied crowd stormed on the Bastille, a place where most political prisoners were housed in a medieval fortress in east Paris. As written in a secondary source “to many people in France, it was considered as a symbol of the much hated Louis’ regime.” Angered by the King and Queen’s corrupted actions and lack of consideration for the state’s finances, the “angry, unemployed, and hungry” revolutionists finally took action and

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