The Five Steps Of The Steps In The Scientific Method

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1.) The five steps in the scientific method used by sociologist are, Define the problem, review the literature, Formulate a testable hypotheses, develop a research design/ collect and analyze data, and develop a conclusion. These steps all contain an intricacy of work that has to perform in a number of creative manners. When a sociologist defines a problem they are either looking from a functionalist or conflict perspective, the problem can be about a number of topics regarding society as a whole. Depending on the view point and problem defined, the entire method can experience a variation in steps. After the sociologist has defined a problem they deem notable to study they move onto the next step, review the literature/ conduct background …show more content…
The hypothesis needs to have a statement regarding the nature of the problem, it also needs a set of independent and dependent variable. It is important that the hypothesis is based on the research question, and is testable through the scientific method. The next step is develop a research design/collect and analyze data, this process can be completed in a multitude of different ways. First a sociologist needs to figure out what form of research methods they will use to collect and analyze data. This collection can be done through a survey, observation study, experiment, study of existing sources, etc. All of the data that comes back as a result of your research should be treated equally without any bias passed on to them, no cherry-picking of information is allowed at this stage. The last step would be to develop a conclusion that, contains a brief summation of all of your research, connects the research back to the hypothesis, and shows objectivity of your research. Your conclusion should raise new questions and should help you see new ideas for further research using this …show more content…
The four I chose are Professional competence, integrity, professional and scientific responsibility, and social responsibility. All of these principles are very important in their own ways and they have common ethical foundations that are a strong guideline for sociologists to follow. Professional competence is a principle that is based on, you can’t and you shouldn’t do it all. Professional competence means you seek help and input from others while recognizing the need for ongoing education on your part. Integrity is all about honesty, fairness, and respect. Sociologist should not knowingly mislead others or try to take advantage of them for their own gain. Professional and scientific responsibility, this principles defines how sociologists should always be professional and show respect to other sociologists, while at the same time maintaining integrity. Social responsibility means that you should be applying practices to distribute your findings to serve the

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