The First Crusade Essay
A mass of men, numbering roughly 100,000, marched out of Europe and toward Jerusalem and were victorious against masses of Islamic armies. In July of 1099AD, Jerusalem would fall out of the hands of the Turks for the first time in centuries, and the First Crusade would also serve to frame the make-up of nobility across Europe and help shape the middle ages altogether.
The view of the Crusades, like many major events of history, are often known without being truly understood. In the modern era, the Crusades are seen almost as an afterthought, and used as a tool to rationalize and justify relativism in general. In fact, Islam had spread deep to the west, swallowing Spain and expanding into southern France. …show more content…
In the early years of Pope Urban II’s reign, before the Council of Clermont in 1095AD, the Byzantine Empire was finding itself being attacked and invaded by loose coalitions of nations organized by the Turks. One eyewitness account describes horrors which may be found in the fires burning in the middle east today:
Far and wide they ravaged cities and castles together with their settlements; churches were razed down to the ground. Of the clergymen and monks whom they captured, some were slaughtered while others were with unspeakable wickedness given up, priests and all, to their dire dominion and nuns – alas for the sorrow of it – were subjected to their lusts. Like ravening wolves, they preyed pitilessly on the Christian people whom God’s just judgment had handed over to them as they pleased (Frankopan, p. 59-60).
Alexius I Comnenus saw some of these horrors firsthand, and sought assistance from outside the empire at nearly every turn. These pleas did not go unnoticed by the nobilities of Western Europe. Daily reports of the terrible violence were distributed throughout