The Father Of Medicine Essay

1101 Words Oct 14th, 2014 5 Pages
Hippocrates (460-377 B.C), the ‘father of medicine’, denied that Gods and demons gave people mental afflictions, insisting that mental illness came down to brain pathology. However, whilst being the grandfather of ‘scientific’ psychology, he also held the belief that dreams were important when finding out about a person’s personality, thus relating to the psychodynamic approach we know today.
Psychology started to evolve into its own formal branch, albeit with some assistance from philosophers and scientists. Influential persons include Charles Darwin and Descartes. René Descartes (1596 – 1650) believed the body’s functions are automatic (Dualism); the mind is “the seat of the soul” (Hayes, 2000, pg. 2). This view was challenged. For example, stress can lower the body’s resistance to illness. German physiologist Johannes Müller (1801-1858) recommended testing responses and manipulating conditions to see how organisms worked. His doctrine, explaining different nerves deliver specific information from a part of the body to the brain or vice versa, was an important contribution.
The biological approach explains behaviour by relating it to the brain and nervous system. It is believed that language is governed by areas in the cerebral cortex; Wernicke’s area, which controls speech comprehension; and Broca’s area controlling speech production. Genetic influences are a major factor in the biological approach. It is believed that schizophrenia is partially the result of faulty gene…

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