The Fall Of The Roman Empire Essay

808 Words Nov 2nd, 2015 4 Pages
Many people believe that the year 476 CE was the fall of the Roman Empire. However, the Roman Empire did not actually fall, only the Western half did (which included cities like Rome, Sicily, and Carthage). The Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire, on the other hand, continued to live for hundreds of years. This included cities like Athens, Syria, Egypt, and Alexandria. The Western Roman Empire was already facing a mound full of problems prior to the year 476, such as an economic meltdown, depopulation, political instability, break away of lands, and external threats. The Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire survived into the Middle Ages while the Western Roman Empire collapsed in the late 5th century CE because the Byzantine Empire had a more favorable geographical location, was more urbanized, densely populated, and wealthier. The Eastern Roman Empire managed to survive from external threats because its capital, Constantinople, was situated “between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea.” Constantinople’s location on a peninsula empowered it to be “fortified and defended easily,” as a result preventing frequent barbarian attacks. In addition, Constantinople could keep centralized control due to the “long-familiar sea-lanes and coastal roads” that helped facilitate transportation and communication. In contrast, the Western Roman Empire had thousands of miles of frontier to protect, which meant that they were susceptible to barbarian invasions. In the year 410 CE, the Western…

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