The Effects Of Trauma On Children And Adolescents Essay

800 Words Nov 17th, 2016 4 Pages
Trauma can be described as experiences or situations that cause physical, emotional or mental pain, that one cannot control. For children and adolescents, the most common trauma is interpersonal trauma which affects their biological, cognitive, psychological and social developments. (D’Andrea, Ford, Stolbach, Spinazzola, & Van der Kolk, 2012). When someone experiences trauma they experience negative results throughout their body, there is an increased level of cortisol and catecholamine that result in the bodies increase of heart rate, blood pressure and can suppress their immune system which can then trigger physical problems such as ulcers or stomach pain if there is prolonged exposure to the trauma (De Bellis & Zisk, 2014). Also, there is increased activity in the amygdala, which triggers a person’s fear and anxiety which gives the person a sense of (fight or flight) (De Bellis & Zisk, 2014). (NIV) 1 Peter 5:7 states “Cast all your anxiety on him because he cares for you.”
The effects on children/adolescents that are exposed to or experience trauma can include, but are not limited to the child being extremely sensitive or wanting to avoid positive emotional stimuli, (i.e. going from an abusive home to being placed in a loving caring home), (D’Andrea, Ford, Stolbach, Spinazzola, & Van der Kolk, 2012). Trauma can also put children/adolescents at risk of impulsive behavior such substance or alcohol abuse, increased sexual behavior, aggression and self-harm, (D’Andrea, Ford,…

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