The Effects Of Racism On The Cognitive Development And Behavior Of Young Children

1990 Words Apr 30th, 2016 8 Pages
Racism and racial discrimination have a significant impact on the cognitive development and behaviour of young children. Racism is the belief when one race is superior or more valued than another race. Less valued races are disadvantaged in society as they have fewer opportunities than more privileged groups (Edwards, 2008). When exposed to racism, the cognitive development of a child is affected intellectually, socially and emotionally. These developmental issues are linked to behavioural problems in children, affecting them in childhood and through adolescence. Childhood is a critical developmental stage of a person’s life, the exposure of racism can lead to irreversible effects that affect their cognitive health and behaviour throughout their lives.

Racism negatively affects the cognitive development and mental health of young children. The school environment should foster opportunities for children to increase their knowledge and develop their skills, as well as provide a safe and comfortable learning environment free of fear and abuse (Mansouri & Jenkins, 2010), (Lyons & Janca, 2012). Although schools can provide such positive environments, a recent study by Mansouri & Jenkins (2010) has identified schools to be the most common environment where children will experience racism and racial discrimination. The intercultural tensions exist within the school playground and the classroom. In addition, the Victorian organisation, The Localities Embracing and Accepting…

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