The Effects Of Nature And Nurture On An Individual 's Sex And Gender

1491 Words Mar 10th, 2016 null Page
Over the years, many different theories and ideas have arisen regarding sexuality and gender. For a long time, there has been a societal debate over the impact of nature and nurture on an individual’s sex and gender. It can be argued that ‘biology is fate’ in regards to this but there are, however, many other influencing factors that can shape and dilute this ‘fate.’ Social norms, upbringing and the culture one lives in can heavily impact how and with who one identifies themselves. Sex and gender are subjective matters that cannot be generalized as a common ‘fate,’ but rather depend entirely on each individual’s experience.
Sexuality is defined as the biological traits from which society deduces whether an individual is male or female (Stoller, 1968). Sex is dependent on chromosomes and genitalia – it is a physical and scientific categorization and description of one’s biology. Genetics play a large role in this, determining how an individual looks physically and whether they are born as male, female or other. Everyone is born with a physical sex dependent on things such as chromosomes, reproductive organs and hormones. Females have the XX chromosomes whereas males have the XY chromosomes (Choi, 2001). Due to this, there are many physical differences determined by genetics that separate males from females. Males, for example, have larger amounts of the sex hormone testosterone, which typically influences basic “male behaviors” such as aggression, competitiveness and higher…

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