The Effects Of Climate Change On Water, Biodiversity, And Livelihoods

1692 Words Mar 29th, 2016 7 Pages
The area the Himalayas are geographically located within hold the greatest amount of ice outside of the polar region, and within the region, contains the ten largest rivers in Asia, (Wilkes & Eriksson, The Melting Himalayas: Cascading Effects of Climate Change on Water, Biodiversity, and Livelihoods, 2009). Although the Himalayas contain a great source of ice due to high alpine glaciers, climate change is rapidly changing the topography of this area by accelerating the melting of ice, (Wilkes, Eriksson, Yun, Xu Jianchu, & Shrestha, 2009). The geographic area the Himalayas are located in is very diverse in regards to species and ecosystems. The region has a broad variance in weather, which in turn develops a barricade that disrupts the summer monsoon and winter westerlies due to a fluctuation in atmospheric circulation, (Wilkes, Eriksson, Yun, Xu Jianchu, & Shrestha, 2009). The Himalayan region is very extensive, and therefore has a broad range of climatic zones including polar, temperate and tropical zones, (Pradyumma, 2000). Vegetation changes broadly from “ subtropical semi desert and thorn steppe formation in the northwest, to tropical rainforests in the Himalayas”, (Wilkes, Eriksson, Yun, Xu Jianchu, & Shrestha, 2009). Within the greater Himalaya region, climate change is already noticeable due to the glacier reduction, which poses a threat to future downstream water supplies, (Wilkes, Eriksson, Yun, Xu Jianchu, & Shrestha, 2009). The authors of the article” The melting…

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