The Decolonization And Attainment Of Independence Essay

1766 Words Nov 17th, 2015 null Page
Leading up to the decolonization and attainment of independence by Kenya, the Mau Mau rebellion was influential in persuading the British government to end their colonial rule because the citizens of Great Britain would not support the continual use of force and military to simply maintain a colonial holding (Nissimi 2). This uprising led to the deployment of over 50,000 British troops and policemen who killed 12,000 Kenyan rebels (numbers are estimated as high as 20,000 if unofficial deaths are included) and 1,819 civilians between the years of 1952 and 1960. However, the number of British casualties was significantly lower than that of the Kenyans, totaling less than 1,000 killed and wounded during the conflict (Anderson 4). The difference in casualties clearly shows that the Kenyans were at a disadvantage, but their persistence to continue battling for eight years indicates that they were passionate about their cause, but what exactly spurred them to rebel? The expulsion of squatters from their land and relocation to less fertile and inaccessible lands was the primary cause, which was supplemented by the difficulties of living in overcrowded conditions and eventually led to a militaristic uprising in the major urban areas. During the early 1900’s, approximately 12.5% of the Kikuyu population (the largest ethnic group in Kenya), were squatters on lands owned by European settlers, and were obtained based on the assumption that the Kenyans had no sense of proper land…

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