Essay on The Debate Of Mandatory Vaccinations

1545 Words 7 Pages
Vaccines have been around for more than two hundred years. Humanity’s journey to rid itself of terrible diseases and death that have plagued it regularly began with Edward Jenner’s smallpox vaccine in 1796 with the use of cowpox antigens. From there, vaccines crawled toward progress until Louis Pasteur’s breakthrough with the introduction of the rabies vaccine in 1885. After this point in history, vaccines made rapid leaps of progress that led to the development of a wide range of vaccines including anthrax, polio, and tuberculosis (College of Physicians of Philadelphia, n.d.). Nowadays, vaccines have become commonplace, a fixture within modern society that is often taken for granted. In today’s society, the topic of mandatory vaccinations has become a buzzing beehive of activity and argument from the pro and contra sides. While it may on the surface seem like a topic for science to solve, it truly falls under the domain of ethics. Since this is a moral issue, ethical systems can be utilized in order to analyze and discover an answer about whether or not mandatory vaccinations are ethical. According to utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, cultural relativism, and situation ethics, mandatory vaccination is ethical.
Utilitarianism is an ethical system that defines moral action as the one that brings about the most happiness and the least pain to the most amount of people. This hedonistic calculus requires that one should only weigh the ends when making ethical decisions, rather…

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