The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels Essay example

1028 Words Nov 20th, 2016 5 Pages
The Communist Manifesto is a political pamphlet. It was written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. They sought to illustrate the goals of the Communist Party by the class struggle and the consequences from the rise of capitalism.
According to Marx, the history of an existing society is based on the history of class struggle. His philosophical thought is the foundation of two of his theories: the theory of the base of society and the theory of dialectical materialism. He explained the base of society is the foundation for the mode of production. The foundation then leads to the structure which is the means of production. The structure is shaped by ideals, values, and culture. He explained that history has been and will continue to be based on the conflict of social and economic classes. He broke the social hierarchy down to two specific classes. Marx believed the stratification was between two class, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The conflict is between the oppressor and the oppressed. The bourgeoisie is known as the ruling class. It is the class made up of the rich and they own the means of production such as factories. The proletariat is known as the working class. It is the class of workers that sell their labor. Marx’s theory of government is that the executive is a committee for the bourgeoisie and working class does not have a government. To settle conflict, there had to be either a societal reform or get rid of classes.
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