Essay on The Civil Rights Movement

1043 Words Nov 19th, 2015 null Page
One prominent historian that both Fairclough and Eagles admires and believe contributed to the historiography of the civil rights movement is Harvard Sitkoff. In 1971, Sitkoff wrote two articles describing how the civil rights movement influenced two sitting presidents, Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) and Harry S. Truman. In “Racial Militancy and Interracial Violence in the Second World War,” Sitkoff describes how “the Negro community, civil rights groups joined with the Negro press and influential church, labor, and political leaders to demand Democracy in Our Time.” Sitkoff’s article focuses on the militancy action of black’s as they fought for equality during the war years. Sitkoff narrative describes how A. Philip Randolph actions forced FDR to establish the first President’s Committee on Fair Employment Practices (FEPC). Further, outlining the successes and failures of the FEPC, during the early years. The primary focus of interracial violence centers on the discrimination in the armed services, those individuals who refused induction into service, and the treatment of black service members. Sitkoff outlines the reasons for race riots that occurred in almost all military camps that housed black service members. Those reasons center on the lack of support from military leaders, government officials, and the president. Sitkoff asserts that FDR focused more “diplomacy and military strategy, and deeply dependent on southern support in Congress…

Related Documents