The Civil Rights Movement Of African Americans Essay

1419 Words Oct 27th, 2015 6 Pages
Civil Rights Movement The civil rights was a struggle by African Americans to gain civil rights equal to those of whites. They were wanting equal opportunity in employment, housing, and education. The African Americans wanted the right to vote, equal access to public facilities, and to be free of racial discrimination. The movement climaxed in the 1950s and 1960s. The civil rights movement was the biggest social movement of the 20th century in the United States of America (Davis). The civil rights movement focused on the American South. Starting in the late 19th century, local and state governments passed segregation laws, called Jim Crow laws, or the black codes. The black codes segregated whites and blacks in education, housing, and the use of public and private facilities such as restaurants, trains, and rest rooms. They also denied blacks the right to vote, to move freely, and to marry whites. Black Codes were laws that were passed in a number of southern states that effectively limited the civil rights of African-Americans. African American’s were forced to sit in segregated areas in public places. They were told to use separate bathrooms. They were also ripped off in the employment and there were little if any chance of this changing. The need for skilled workers in the North between World War I and II led many African Americans to move to cities in the North. Over a million blacks migrated to cities in the North during this time. These laws and practices were a…

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