The Civil Rights Movement : Memphis Black And White Essay

1574 Words Feb 5th, 2015 7 Pages
Memphis had done well in comparison to other major cities that harbored the violence the civil rights movement had brought. However, blacks within Memphis felt that their rights were just as limited as they had been for a long time, and that the action that had been taken had only brushed the surface of what needed to be addressed in terms of rights for African Americans (137 Memphis Black and White). The integration of schools was a vital piece of educational equality for blacks, because many African Americans in the community were not getting as good of an education as whites in the community. During slavery, slaves knew that education was their ticket to freedom, and historically black colleges and universities began to be created (Historically Black Colleges and Universities). HBCUs were and still are known for their astounding academics, distinguished graduates, and major accomplishments in the African American community, however, elementary and high school education for blacks was not equal to the type of education whites were getting at the time. Carrying on the legacy of the deceased Mayor Crump, the Shelby County Board of Education gained black support by creating and therefore expanding the amount of "Negro schools" within the Memphis community. These schools were to close for six weeks during the cotton-picking season, a clear indication that some were still focusing on the "plantation mentality" (Battling Plantation Mentality 207). During the 1960s, Tennessee…

Related Documents