The Causes And Impacts Of Globalization And Organized Crime

1261 Words 6 Pages
1.
Organized crime is complex in nature and differs quite drastically from regular crimes. Organized crime syndicates are often businesses that provide a set of illicit goods or services. Additionally, organized crime syndicates are hierarchical in nature and have strict regulations on who is allowed to join their organization. Often organized crime syndicates have an ethnic base for their members, meaning for example, that only Japanese members may be allowed. In an organized crime group, there are specific duties and rankings for each member. Furthermore, an organized crime group uses extreme force and coercion as a means of advancing their business. Often this force is used against public officials as a means extracting governmental power
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Regular crime may match one or two of the above characteristics but lack the immense organization and longevity as organized crime groups. Furthermore, organized crime groups act like enterprises and have rigid expectations for their members, both of which are not seen in regular crime.
2.
In today’s world, there are supposedly more slaves on earth than ever before in history. The massive increase of slavery, trafficking and forced labor over the last hundred years is multifaceted in nature but is largely blamed as a byproduct of globalization (Dammer & Albanese, 2011, p. 246). Globalization is the massive advancement and development of technology and trade that created a global economy of high demand and massive production. With this newfound global connectedness also came a massive influx of transnational crimes. Included in transnational crimes are human trafficking and forced labor. Mercantilist and developing nations that rely on the export of cheap goods are at enormous risk for human rights violations, especially in relation to human trafficking or exploitative labor. Additionally, any nation that is host to a scarce or precious resource and relies on that resource for the sustainment of their economy is at an increasing risk for human rights
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The UNODC Global Programme for Combatting Wildlife and Forest Crime aims to provide awareness, “strengthen national law enforcement,” create alternative “livelihoods “ for people of developing nations to curb the supply and demand of illicit environmental behaviors, and lastly seeks to acquire recognition that wildlife crimes are serious and dangerous transnational crimes ("Objective and Thematic Areas"). Furthermore, to directly combat environmental crimes, the Global Programme has issued six thematic areas: “Delivering evidence based [on] good practice, technical assistance measures to support enforcement, customs, border control and criminal justice agencies,” as well as, “regional wildlife law enforcement agencies” (“Objective and Thematic

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