Essay on The Between 130000 And 28000 Years Ago

1434 Words Sep 30th, 2016 6 Pages
Homo sapien neanderthalensis is estimated to have lived between 130,000 and 28,000 years ago. The first remains were found in a German valley in 1856. This valley is called Neander Valley—the German word for valley is Tal—giving the species the name Neanderthalensis, most commonly known as Neanderthal. A highly important site where Neanderthal remains have been discovered is the La Ferrassie cave located in Dordogne, France. There have been numerous excavations at this site between 1909 and present time, all of which have contributed to the understanding of Neanderthal anatomy, social life, and their interactions with modern humans. By looking at the research projects from the La Ferrassie site, one can see how important the site is to explaining how Homo sapien neanderthalensis fit into the genus Homo. One can also see how it is similar to and different from modern humans—having shared the common ancestor Homo erectus—as well as clarifying that Neanderthals are not an ancestor of modern humans; this is important because many people believe that Neanderthals evolved into anatomically modern humans.
Neanderthals are the closest extinct human relative to Homo sapien sapien, or anatomically modern humans (Smithsonian). According to the Smithsonian, they had a large face, a low, sloping forehead, heavy brow ridges, angled cheek bones, and a huge nose that was used to warm cold air before it reached the lungs. The Smithsonian also estimates that the average Neanderthal male…

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