The Baroque Music Period

Great Essays
Baroque music, which started around the 1600s, was the start of great growth in the composition timeline. In this period, composers like Bach and Purcell dominate and bring forth new forms like ritornello and fugue. Romantic music, starting in the 1800s, goes into a thematic transformation. Composers like Chopin and Schubert are popular during this time, and new forms such as cyclic and strophic arise. The Baroque music period focused mainly on the idea of tonality. Composers began to use new instrumentation techniques and established such genres as opera, oratorio, concerto and sonata. Polyphony was the most popular texture, and the chromatic scale was used. The harpsichord was the dominating instrument of the time, and basso continuo was …show more content…
He is most famous for his concertos, particularly the Four Seasons, but he has also worked on operas and choral pieces. His talent and mastery of the violin began at the Pio Ospedale della Pietà, an orphanage in Venice. When he turned 25 he began to work at the orphanage, while also composing his works there. He found success in writing operas, and then moved on to writing the Four Seasons, which consisted of four violin concertos that each represented a different season. In his lifetime, Vivaldi wrote more than 500 concertos as well as 46 operas, and was an influencer of other composers such as …show more content…
The piece begins with an eerie atmosphere, where high notes are played into a diminished chord. Then the first part of the prelude begins, consisting of strange noises and what appear to sound like groans and laughter. Some high woodwinds play into the ideé fixe, as a soft drum roll plays with a trumpet joining it. The opening bars repeat, at a semi-higher tone than previously, as a diminishing chord follows. This sequence of music creates the view of a frightening underworld for the listener. As the piece continues, a version of the ideé fixe plays on the clarinet, sounding very mocking and leering. Abruptly, the tempo and dynamic of the piece changes, full of loud chords repeating, which is very hard to listen to. The ideé fixe returns but is shriller and continues to rise in pitch. Then swirling music appears, interrupted by a loud chord, followed by triples that create the sound of terror. Often in the piece, a flute plays in an almost hectic way, sounding much like a scream. This piece incorporates a fugue, representing the Witches’ Round Dance, which was often used in the Baroque era. Berlioz seems to incorporate triples often in this piece, perhaps since they sound the most chaotic and unnerving. Interestingly, Berlioz includes Dies Irae Gregorian chant to set another layer of creepiness. There is an extreme build up to the Witches’ Round Dance, where Dies Irae continues to be played

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Music is the essential, universal language. It expresses emotion, a story, and records a generation in history. In the classical and baroque era, music was written to tell a story and emphasize the emotion within that story. Music still tells stories today; movies, games, and regular songs tell stories with emphasized emotions. Games require music to set the mood and energy for specific scenarios.…

    • 836 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    During the Baroque period, some important choral forms such as the motet represented the continued development of the Renaissance ideas. However, others such as the cantata and the oratorio were completely new creations of the time period. These vocal forms of the Baroque period were based on the monadic style. In some cases, some of these forms like the cantata crossed over boundaries of sacred and secular and were used for both. Specifically, the cantata was one of the most prominent composition forms of the baroque period and it originated in Italy.…

    • 619 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Baroque Music Dbq

    • 737 Words
    • 3 Pages

    During the Baroque era, music generally expressed the same mode throughout the whole piece. This means that specific melodic patters and set rhythms appeared throughout the pieces. In this era, they began to have a continuous rhythm throughout the whole piece, which gave the music better flow. This era created a large demand for more music.…

    • 737 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Like they have very little . The baroque style is essentially " abundant " , both in art as in literature , with rindondanze , exaggerated , deep marking , while the Renaissance denotes the discovery of so-called "royalties " style , perspective , proportion , a conception of art as portrait of man and for man . You could start doing examples in art ( I know , a picture of Botticelli with some baroque opera ) , and then expands and develops the concept .…

    • 87 Words
    • 1 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Stravinsky Accomplishments

    • 1166 Words
    • 5 Pages

    In comparison to other notable composers of Western art music, Stravinsky enjoyed one of the longest careers, actively composing for nearly seven decades. Having reached critical acclaim for his work in The Firebird in 1910, Stravinsky continued to compose for the next sixty-one years, during which numerous world-changing events took place. Also, throughout this time, Stravinsky was exposed to a variety of cultures, having migrated to multiple places around the globe in the interest of business. These various factors throughout Stravinsky’s life contributed to the evolution of his music, resulting in an eclectic output of compositional styles, typically divided by scholars into three main periods: Russian, Neoclassical, and Serial.…

    • 1166 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Classical period in music spanned from approximately 1750-1830. It was called classical period due to the time period being full of art and literature. The music in the Classical period reflected the changes in society, such as the ideas of human reasoning and overcoming problems in the world. Thus, causing a conflict with new and old ideas within the world 's society. People began to realize that music was meant to be enjoyed not for just the wealthy and during a religious mass.…

    • 1675 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Pied Piper

    • 621 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Although written in the 20th century, the composer used a clear melody that is more similar to Classical or Baroque styles. The piece is monophonic like many of Hildegard’s as it is a flute solo and has one melody. The Spell is played very rubato and the tempo is not strongly felt. The rubato tempo enhances the mood of the piece by making it sound more mysterious and a bit more unpredictable. A minor tonality also adds to the mysterious feel.…

    • 621 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Classical Period Form

    • 1012 Words
    • 5 Pages

    During the baroque era a big genre is the concerto. This music was written for an orchestra and a soloist. During the classical period music changed in rhythm and sound. People wanted more natural and simplistic sounds with a different flow. People had become to use to the way music was composed during the baroque era.…

    • 1012 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The melody is continually crescendo and decrescendo. The fundamental song rehashes also all through the piece. The tone shading emits a warm, delicate feeling to it. Move of the Sugar Plum Fairy is exceptionally…

    • 189 Words
    • 1 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Antonio Vivaldi once said, “Human feelings are hard to predict”. Antonio Vivaldi was born on March 4, 1678 in Venice, Italy. On the day Antonio Vivaldi’s baptism was scheduled, there was an earthquake that almost killed him. After that Antonio’s mom made him study to be a priest. When he was little his dad taught him how to play the violin.…

    • 235 Words
    • 1 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    One of the example in chapter 10 is the method used on the celling of many Roman churches and places in the Baroque era which was to create lively spatial that create an illusion of a greater space, artist would come and paint description of architectural component such as a vaults arches or nicest and then cover the extra space with foreshortening figures that seems to fly out of the building into the sky which make it difficult for people coming to Santagati to recolonizes the above was a barrel vault because it was decorated over a rising anchoretic which enable him to tell a beautiful…

    • 107 Words
    • 1 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Music Concert Critique

    • 1387 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The Baroque era style of music was between 1600-1750 and applied to art and architecture before music. The baroque era consisted of humanism which included universities and the invention of geometry and the laws of physics, renaissance trends, arts and economics, and values of art and music. The general music styles I learned about the Baroque era style of music include emotional expressiveness, a sense of drama and dramatic contrast, and increasing ornamentation and virtuosity. During the 17th century, Baroque era music goes from polyphony to transforming into homophony which is one main melody supported by accompaniment basso continuo. Vertical harmonies, new instruments like the harpsichord, and rhythm, because more and more important and composers start to only have to write bass note and key.…

    • 1387 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The instrumentations between the two periods were also noteworthy with the Classical period having more focus on bigger and better instrument sections for pieces, as opposed to the Baroque period where the instrumentation was less important. The Baroque period was different from the Classical period because of the complexity of the instrumentation. The Baroque period music was more complex than Classical era music. One of the final striking differences in the periods was also the dynamic usage. The Baroque period tended to not even use dynamics while the Classical era did not miss an opportunity to use them.…

    • 810 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Classical Period and The Romantic Era of classical music have many similarities and differences in form, texture, and articulation. Ultimately, the Classical period is known better for being extremely structured, usually having binary or rondo form, whereas the Romantic era is known for the more flowing, unorthodox structures. This is because the Classical period focused more on form, whereas the Romantic period focused on emotion. Also, the Romantic period allowed for the use of rubato, or the forward and backward motion of tempo that strays just a bit from conventional tempo. The Classical period is different in regards to tempo because it does not allow for any rubato or modifications to the tempo in any kind.…

    • 812 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Music Appreciation

    • 1013 Words
    • 5 Pages

    When I signed up to take music appreciation, I knew it would be the perfect class for me. I myself take up being a musician as a hobby, I’ve played the guitar for years and have a basic understanding of music in the world. I knew that music had deep history within its roots, but I always had a curiosity to learn a slice of that history which is exactly what this class did. Besides playing an instrument and make music, I also became very fond of listening to music as a hobby. I began to have a love for music itself and take the time to listen to complete album over and over again to reveal their underlying themes like a poem.…

    • 1013 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays