The And Prospective Tyrannies During The City State Of Athens

1038 Words May 9th, 2015 null Page
Some of history 's best documented tyrannies and prospective tyrannies occurred in the city-state of Athens. In late seventh century B.C.E, Cylon – an Athenian noble – attempt to take control of Athens and rule it as a tyrant. However, he failed and Athens remained an oligarchy. Midway through the sixth century B.C.E another noble, Pisistratus, became a tyrant. He was succeeded by his sons who ruled Athens for several decades and their reign was followed by the establishment of democracy in Athens. Why was Pisistratus ' reign followed by the establishment of democracy, but Cylon 's reign ended with a return to oligarchy? Both were from noble families, both attempted to take control of Athens during intra-elite conflict, and both enacted growth-promoting policies. What was different? Cylon faced much opposition from rival groups. This indicates that the intra-elite conflict was not settled, especially when considering that intra-elite conflict underlays the rise of another tyrant, Solon, just forty years later. Cylon 's tyranny was also much shorter in comparison to Pisistratus and his sons. Thus, the pro-growth policies that were enacted had time to take effect. According to Fleck and Hanssen, Athens boomed during and after Pisistratus ' reign as tyrant. Income rose and so did the number of manufacturers and traders. What is interesting, is what happened following the end of the exile of Pisistratus ' son, Hippias. A group of nobles, aided by Spartans, planned to…

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