The Agriculture Shift Of Agriculture Essay

1095 Words Aug 7th, 2014 5 Pages
The Agriculture Shift
Agriculture began to spread throughout many Native territories, specifically the Northeastern and Southeastern, and began to transform many of the societies that relied on hunting and gathering for resources. As agriculture expanded, many cultures adapted to different economical systems to cater to this change. One primary crop, corn, managed to impact the entire eastern seaboard by making both Northeastern and Southeastern cultures use their environment to their full advantage. This efficient use of nature enabled agriculture to flourish. Each group’s economical practices began to intertwine with agricultural practices, shifting earlier ideals. North America, where corn and the Green Corn Ceremony flourished, reflected the importance of maize on these cultures and its importance in determining an economic system. In the Northeast, the climate paired with precipitation established successful agriculture. By 1000 B.P., corn had spread across all of eastern North America and had become the primary resource in many cultures (310). The “three sisters” (corn, beans, and squash), as well as domestic plants, provided a vast resource for the peoples of the Northeast (274). A combination of these environmental conditions, and the ability for the Native people to adapt innovative agricultural practices, led to a reliable source of food for the native groups in the Northeast.
The Southeast native peoples had several of the most complex groups in North America…

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