Syphilis : The Most Virulent Of The Spirochetes Essay

894 Words Dec 8th, 2016 4 Pages
Syphilis (Treponema Pallidum)
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease(STD) caused by an infection with a bacteria known as Treponema Pallidum. Treponema organisms are delicate, requiring pH in the range of 7.2 – 7.4, temperatures in the range of 30 – 39, and microaerophilic environment.
The cells have a high lipid content, an unusual characteristic for bacteria. There are four species: T. pallidum pallidum, T. pallidum pertenue, T. pallidum endemicum, and T. pallidum carateum. These diseases are referred to as “treponematoses” and are characterized by distinct primary, secondary, latency, and tertiary clinical stages. Each stage presents different symptoms. Treponema Palladium has never been successfully cultured, although researchers have tried since Robert Koch first identified the spirochete as the causative agent for syphilis over one hundred years ago. The culturing of T. Palladium is impossible in the living host for reasons that are not understood by researchers.
Treponema Palladium is the most virulent of the spirochetes. It is the causative agent of venereal syphilis. Syphilis is a slow-evolving disease with short, symptomatic periods related to the rapid multiplication of the bacteria, followed by prolonged asymptomatic periods during which the immune system is allowed to heal tissue heal. The incubation period for the disease is from 10 to 90 days and precedes the clinical presentation.
Young adults aged 20-24 are most often affected, and because the route…

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