Symptoms And Treatment Of Neurodevelopmental Disorders Essay
Neurodevelopment is defined as “the dynamic inter-relationship between genetic, brain, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral processes across the developmental lifespan .” Neurodevelopmental disorders are defined as a group of conditions caused by damage to the neurological development process which cause long term delays in development. These disorders normally begin in infancy, when development is most crucial, and remain fairly consistent throughout adulthood. Neurodevelopmental disorders include but are not limited to the following: autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Rett Syndrome (RTT), developmental coordination disorder (DCD), cerebral palsy, intellectual disabilities (ID), attention-deﬁcit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), communication disorders, hearing loss, vision impairment, and epilepsy. [2, 3]. While neurodevelopmental disorders tend to be more prevalent in males than in female, some specific disorders affect specific populations. Each disorder has its own specific criteria although there may be some overlapping due to some common genetic factors in the disorders. To fully understand neurodevelopmental disorders, they have to be looked at from many different viewpoints.
In this review, we will look at the genetic and neurological factors associated with neurodevelopmental disorders as well as discuss some of these factors in relation to Autism Spectrum Disorder and Rett Syndrome.
An individual having one neurodevelopmental…