Sustainable Agriculture Has Been At The Top Of The Global Agenda

736 Words Aug 17th, 2015 3 Pages
Background
In recent times, the concept of sustainable agriculture has been at the top of the global agenda to address global food (in) security and harmful environmental impact of agricultural practices mainly adopted during the green revolution era – which led to increases in agricultural production in many parts of the world including some developing countries such as India, Mexico and China (Evenson and Gollin, 2003; Hazell 2009; Foley, 2011). Most sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries however failed to be counted among the success stories of this era and initiatives to promote an African green revolution following this era have resulted in proposals which in most cases fail to recognise the unique complexities of food production in this region.
Many scholarly works on SSA agrarian settings have emphasized on the complexities associated with rural African agriculture (e.g. Berry, 1993; Nyerges, 1997; Rimmer, 1998; Peters, 2004; Fraser et al., 2015), establishing the importance of the historical, cultural, institutional and political realities shaping rural farming on the continent. Also, growing literature on traditional farming practices in this region over the years have attempted to provide an understanding of the nature of, and how agricultural sustainability can be achieved (e.g. Warren and Cashman, 1988; Mazur and Titilola, 1992; Altieri, 2004). With appreciable number of studies on traditional farming practices and social dimensions of rural SSA agriculture,…

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