Separation Individuation Theory

1675 Words 7 Pages
Part A: Defense Mechanism, Separation-Individuation, and Structural Theory of Susana
Question 1 - Defense Mechanism: Regression &... With an understanding of Susana, we recognize the defense mechanisms of displacement and regression. Regression means adopting actions from earlier periods of development (Robbins, Chatterjee, & Canda, 2012, p.176). Furthermore, in the regression stage one would bury any painful feelings or thoughts away from one’s awareness even though it may resurface later. Susana shows signs of regression by not talking much compared to the other kids because she never attended any preschool or early childhood programs. Because of all the domestic violence that happens in the house, she suffers many traumatic and painful
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Separation individuation becomes the phase where the child distinguishes itself from the mother and starts to understand their own identification of themselves. Through the process, a child goes through 3 phases. The first is understanding oneself and moving away from the mother. Then, the infant practices moving around on their own by crawling and walking. Finally, rapprochement happens when the child reconnects with the mother again, but begins to differentiate with the mother (Robbins et al., 2011, p. 183). Throughout the case Susana starts to feel connected with her mother, but eventually starts to understand her individuality from her mother. Susana understands separation from her mother. In the Encyclopedia of Adolescents, Susana needs to understand the consolidation phase where she becomes separate from the mother as an individual (Levesque, 2012, p. 2614). Even though this phase becomes important in the developmental process of a child, Susana needs to understand how to cope as a separate individual from her mother because she is starting kindergarten soon. From her lack of experience in preschool and childcare when she was younger, these factors cause separation anxiety. Depending on a child’s developmental progression these separation fears may not stem from an emotional defect or trauma. Susana received care …show more content…
The theory explains the developmental paradigm included in the stages of early childhood growth. He explained the healthy adaptive measures of the child (Robbins et al., 2011, p. 213). Additionally, Eric Erikson explains how the social environment helps identify the individual’s core (Frosh, 2010, p. 2). From Susan’s case, she experiences the first three stages of Erikson’s Psychosocial Development approach. The first stage explains the basic understanding of trust and mistrust. During this stage the child clings to the mother for protection, care, and food. During this stage the child should have adequate care from the mother or caregiver so that the child better understand the social environment (Robbins et al., 2011, p. 214). Next, the child goes through the phase of autonomy versus shame and doubt. This stage primarily allows the understanding of when to discontinue certain habits and hold close to some other ones. Some of the actions children learn during this stage include toilet training and self-control with individualism (Robbins et al., 2011, p. 214). Occasionally unsuccessful transition from this stage causes continued feelings of shame and doubt. Additionally, the stage of initiative versus guilt gives a child a wider range of experiences. Children start learning how to walk and talk allowing them to build an understanding of their surrounding setting (Robbins et al., 2011, p. 214). Susana fully

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