Suicide Rates And The United States Essay

1625 Words Dec 13th, 2014 7 Pages
One of the federal agencies in the United States that track suicide rates, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), defines suicide as “death from injury, poisoning, or suffocation where injury was self-inflicted and that the decedent intended to kill himself/herself”. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), suicide is the second leading cause of death worldwide among people ages 14 to 44 (World Health Organization,2002). Statistics indicate that one person dies of it every 40 seconds and for every death, there are many more people who try to attempt suicide, it even has a higher incidence rate than homicide. However why are some people suicidal while others are not, even when they experience the same external stressors? Are there possible causes or factors as to why people take their own lives?
Our ability to understand suicide is hampered by many factors, first of which is the difficulty in defining suicide, especially when there are variabilities in the form that suicide takes. Second is that most people who kill themselves rarely leave a note and does not give us much information as to why they took their lives thus prompting people to study the causes and circumstances of suicide. One famous research into the causes of suicide is Emile Durkheim (1897) he focused on the mind sets that society creates that increases the risk of suicide. He proposed three types of suicides: first is egoistic suicide where a person feels alienated from society and…

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