Suicide Prevention And Suicide

1273 Words 6 Pages
Prevention and Intervention
Recognition of risk factors and the cumulative affects of stress are essential in the early diagnosis and prevention of suicide. The following diagram outlines the process leading to either suicide or prevention. Figure 2. How does suicide occur? From: “Youth suicide: Epidemiology and prevention strategies” by M.S. Gould, 2012, Texas Suicide Prevention Symposium, p. 7

Prevention approaches for adolescent suicide have traditionally been conducted in three areas: in school, in the community, and within healthcare systems. In schools, prevention programs generally fall into categories such as suicide awareness programs for students, skills training, screening, and gatekeeper (school officials) training. Several
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The program’s goals are to increases awareness about suicide among high school staff, students, and parents. All of the program components are designed to heighten sensitivity to depression and suicidal ideation, as well as offer response procedures to refer a student at risk for suicide (Benton, 2012, p. 2). In addition to the training outlined in RESPONSE, at least two school officials are required to receive Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training (ASIST). ASIST training involves a two-day interactive session where participants learn to intervene and help prevent the immediate risk of suicide. The training was developed in 1983 with continual updates as knowledge is gained. It is also one of the most widely used suicide prevention training programs ("ASIST," 2014, p. …show more content…
The efficacy of suicide hotlines lacks sufficient evidence to draw accurate conclusions. In a report in the Boston Globe, a study conducted by Brian L. Mishara, a professor of psychology at the University of Quebec at Montreal found that 15.5 percent of the 1,431 calls his research assistants listened in on - at 14 crisis centers - failed to meet minimal standards for evaluating suicide risk and providing counseling. “An additional 1,200 calls were monitored but deemed purely information seeking, too short, or otherwise impossible to evaluate” (Shea, 2007, para. 5). An area of future study should include gender impact on the efficacy of hotlines. One study conducted over a five ½ year period found that 65% of the suicide callers were females and most were 15- or 16-year olds (Gould & Kramer, 2001, p. 16). More study may result in targeted prevention or intervention techniques for females using hotlines. Gender differences in suicide methods may also result in differences in preventing suicides by using a hotline. The next section discusses methods of committing

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