Student Development Theory
53-54): (1) Upon what population is the theory based? (2) How was the theory developed? (3) Is the theory descriptive? (4) Is the theory explanatory? (5) Is the theory prescriptive? (6) Is the theory heuristic? (7) Is the theory useful in practice? As with Walsh’s qualities, any theory that does not generate a desired response to all of Knefelkamp’s questions for utility when evaluated, will have limited utility. For example, a theory that is based on a population of white men of a high socioeconomic status, then the model may have low utility for a population of racially minoritized women of a low socioeconomic status, due to the different experiences and social contexts between the two populations.
In order to demonstrate an understanding of four frameworks related to student development, I will present each item, apply it to my personal experiences, apply them to my work, and critique the item. The frameworks I chose to include are the white racial consciousness model, the theory of social reproduction, the involvement theory, and Kholberg’s theory of moral development (all found in Patton et al., 2016).
White Racial Consciousness …show more content…
In my work I occasionally encounter situations with students who have unachieved White racial consciousness and I have to work to help them achieve White racial consciousness. These cases usually involve microaggressions such as talking about inappropriate party themes (ie. Mexican and pimps and hos) or racial jokes (ex. Asian students being good at math). These students are usually avoidant or dependent In these cases I challenge students’ ideas by asking questions in order to create dissonance and facilitate