Status and Prospects of Horticulture in East Sikkim: a Case Study on Vegetable (by Khus Nasib)

7579 Words May 26th, 2014 31 Pages
CHAPTER-1

1.1 Introduction
Horticulture is the part of agriculture, which deals with the study of growing and marketing of flower, fruits, and vegetables. Horticulture includes cultivation of flower, fruits, and vegetables for sale in the market, etc. The word horticulture is derived from the latin hortus, “garden”, and colere, “to cultivate.” A person who performs the activities of fruits and vegetables growing are known as horticulturist. Vegetables growing is an important part of horticulture.

Presently our county is next to China in area and production of fruits and vegetable crops and has been contributing 10% of fruits and 14% of vegetable of the total world production. Horticulture has become a key driver for economic
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It provides students an additional confidence and further experiences which aid in career development.

1.3 Objectives of the study
The major objectives of the study are to see the present status and prospects of horticulture (vegetables) in East Sikkim. In light to the broad objectives, the details objectives are as follows: * To see how the people of East Sikkim are cultivating their land.

* To find out the type of vegetables grown in East Sikkim.

* To know the scopes of growing vegetables in Sikkim.

* To know the initiatives taken by government to promote the horticulture sectors.

* To know the effects of organic farming in horticultural crops.

1.4 REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Diane relf, Professor Horticulture, Virginia Poltechnic Institute and State University -“The art and science of growing flowers, fruits, vegetables, trees and shrubs resulting in the developing of the minds and emotions of individuals, the enrichment and health of communities and the integration of the ‘garden’ in the breadth of modern civilization.”

Tigchelaar and foley, 1991-“ The horticulture is defined as the science and arts of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers or ornamental plants. It is researched and discussed at length within the context of horticulture as a science and technology focused on the role of horticulture in crop production”

E.P.Christopher and J.B.Edmond et al. - ”Horticulture generally refers to

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