World Civilization 101
Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece. The empire peaked after defeating Athens, in the Peloponnesian War. Culture in Sparta focused on loyalty to the state and military service.
Sparta had three main groups: the Spartans, the Helots and the Perioeci. Spartans were full citizens of Sparta, while the Helots were slaves. The Perioeci, however, were neither. The Perioeci, worked as craftsmen and traders. They crafted the Spartan weapons. Healthy male citizens went into a state-sponsored education system, known as the Agoge. The school system emphasized obedience, endurance, courage and self-control. The Helots, were fellow Greeks, who the Spartans had conquered. The Spartans’ way of
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Soldiers came to take the boys from their mothers around the age of 7, and housed them in dormitories with other boys, where they would be trained as soldiers. Mother's softening influence was considered detrimental to a boy's education. The boys endured harsh physical discipline and deprivation. This was to make them strong soldiers. Soldiers had to march without shoes, went without food, learned to fight, and endured pain. The boys were responsible for surviving on their wits. The older boys beat on the younger ones to make them tougher. Self-denial, simplicity, the warrior code, and loyalty to the city-state governed their lives. The children of Sparta were told stories of courage and fortitude. One story in particular epitomized the Spartan way. This story was about a boy who captured a live fox and intended to eat it. The boy noticed some Spartan soldiers coming, and hid the fox beneath his shirt, knowing he would be punished if caught with it. The soldiers confronted him, and instead of confessing he allowed the fox to chew into his stomach, showing no sign of pain in his face or body. By the time they were around 20 years old, in order to become full citizens they were put through rigorous test. Soldiers were the only ones to receive the aristocratic citizenship. Failing their tests meant soldiers never became citizens, but instead became perioeci, the middle class. The young men that pass, continued to live in the barracks, and train as soldiers. They were also