Socio Ecological Model : Washing Hands Essay
University of Kansas
HSES 365: Peer Health Education
Handwashing is the first preventive step to reduce medical conditions caused by bacterial and fungi. In many cases, it is deemed as “do-it-yourself vaccine” (CDC, 2016). Many preventable diseases are caused by lack of hygienic practices. By properly “washing hands before and after preparing foods, eating foods, caring for the sick, after using the toilet, blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing, and many more activities could reduce the spread of illnesses” (CDC, 2015). In order to understand the importance of washing hands and the effects it has, the socio-ecological model (SEM) is the method to use. The SEM is “a theory-based framework used to understand the multifaceted and interactive effects of personal and environmental factors which determines behavior” (UNICEF, 2016). The socio-ecological model contains five levels: individual, interpersonal, community, organizational, and policies. In this discussion, two protective factors, conditions that increase the likelihood of washing hands or risk factors, conditions that decrease an individual likelihood to wash hands will be identified within the levels.
The first level is individual. Individual level is understanding what characteristics affects an individual’s behavior based on their current knowledge and attitude (ACHA). Knowledge could either be a risk or protective factor. If one does not…