Social Structure Theory Summary

Good Essays
Chapter 6 focuses on social structure theory, which is the idea that the starting point of most crimes can be traced back to the sociological economic disadvantages that are immersed in society. This means that the economic structure of the United States has created a society where statuses are spread out by means of social classes. Different social classes are prone to different opportunities in life and social problems. These opportunities and problems are directly linked to crime rates. The economic structure in society is stratified. There are three distinct classes: the upper class, the middle class, and the lower class. Many problems related to crime can be seen as lower class problems. Others see the lower class in society as having their own culture of poverty. This describes the helplessness of the lower class in ways that display their mistrust for social institution. This can ultimately cause people to become underclassmen, meaning that they do not have the education or skills needed to be successful. Many people who live in poverty often struggle putting off immediate gratification for their …show more content…
Social disorganization theory focuses on the problems in the inner-city neighborhood of institutions. Many of these institutions such as schools are unable to perform their functions needed to better the community. These problems then result in unemployment and violence because people turn to other outlets. Strain theory analyzes how crime happens because people do not have the means to achieve their goals. Similarly, cultural deviance theory looks at the strain and social disorganization as whole. It recognizes that it creates an individual subculture of the lower class that goes against typical cultural norms of the rest of society. Many times criminal behavior is an expression of the lower

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    The media portrays social class in unrealistic ways, specifically for the poor class. In media, the poor class is portrayed in negative views and distorts the way in which people perceive people that are poor that live in the real world. The poor class is associated with negative concepts and stereotypes. “For example, episodic framing of some stories may suggest that most of the poor are underserving because they are welfare cheats, drug addicts, or greedy panhandlers” (Kendall, 2005, p.95). The media portrays poor people as cheats and blame them for their own problems.…

    • 1291 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Conflict theorists focus on the vulnerable groups within society and how they are exploited by others who have more power, within this argument the idea of the bourgeoisie and proletariat arises(Brym, 2016). One of the key sociological concepts that relate to human trafficking is the idea of stratification. Stratification is the placement of individuals within different classes (ex. lower middle, upper) based off factors such as wealth and income (Liska & Warner, 2001). Many of The trafficked individuals are members of the lower class stratification, and due to this boundary, they suffer from poverty and unemployment.…

    • 1045 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Conflict theory is the limitations to social instructions and resources to maintain social order by showing power and dominance. Poverty communities get the left overs of society, they tend to have limited resources, limited accesses to proper education or higher up education and many other social institutions that forbid them from excelling. For example, by lacking in education they are unable to get a high paying job thus they can’t make ends meet and become either dependent on welfare or homeless. Thus society likes to trap people into falling into the poverty system and never getting out because society refused to help the poor instead we give false hops and fabricated ideas to make them think we are helping them but in reality they just continue a continuous cycle. A radicalistic person will believe that to prevent inequality we need to change society completely.…

    • 829 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The lower class is often discriminated as they are looked down at and others feel superior to them. Discrimination based on social class stops one’s individual progress socially, physically, and economically; which prevents them from realizing their full potential as a human. Discrimination based on social class stops one’s individual progress…

    • 1118 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Cities in the developing world have scarce resources to improve the living conditions of the residents and fight crime - this makes it harder for them to address the problem. Illicit activity, gangs and youth violence become a part of lifestyle in impoverished communities and lead to community ruin. Criminal economy provides the residents with the opportunities unavailable for them otherwise. It undermines the overall governance of the area and traps the poorest population in a dangerous cycle of poverty and…

    • 1191 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    ‘Poverty’ it is about people being unable to meet their basic human needs. Most often this is due to lack of opportunity in a society marked by oppression and injustice which has led to disempowerment (Merriam-Webster, 2013). ‘Inequality’ is the condition of being unequal; lack of equality, social or economic disparity. This essay will elaborate on the five dimensions of how professionals’ universal, reductionist and standardized views of poverty differ from those of the poor themselves. It will illustrate how poor people’s criteria differ from those assumed for them by professionals, also the neglected dimensions of deprivation including vulnerability, seasonality, powerlessness and humiliation.…

    • 1334 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Several people find that their struggle to get out of poverty can sometimes be challenging because of the violence. Bullies in the neighborhood can beat, rape, and rob you, which can give you less of a chance to improve your economic status, those such things can pull you back to poverty. The struggle that poor people go through such as trying to get an education, hunger programs, clean water and shelter are stolen away from the violent people in the neighborhood. With all those situations it does not help the poor people…

    • 2059 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Due to the desperation of these workers they took low paying jobs or ones that forced them to move around. Next, when people were able to find work capitalism separated people by race, religion, ethnicity, age, and gender. The desperate need of work pitted those who could defend themselves against those who could not. In this way racial or ethnic groups were formed by the competition for jobs. Third, discipline was enforced by authorities in the way of intimidation and more intriguingly, time.…

    • 836 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Until Cherry Valance said things are rough all over got greasers seeing things different. The greasers struggle more because they are poorer than the Socs and middle class, bad home lives, and are blamed for everything. The greasers are poor and have to work for everything they want. they have to earn everything they want. “We’re poorer than the Socs and the middle class” (Hinton 3).…

    • 693 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Wortopolis Case Study

    • 1050 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The social inequality has led to the lack of belief in the city’s ability to help the people who are not financially stable. The inability to help the citizens has led to them feeling relatively deprived which resulted in higher in drug trafficking, prostitution and loitering rates in Wortopolis. The breakdown in belief and the relative deprivations citizens faced caused the increased in…

    • 1050 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays