SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Essay

1309 Words Dec 3rd, 2013 6 Pages
Social stratification is a concept involving the classification of people into groups based on shared socio-economic conditions. Giddens (2009:1133) defines social stratification as “the existence of structured inequalities between groups in society, in terms of their access to material or symbolic rewards”. This context explains in detail the three agents of social stratification and expresses personal views about the categories of social class in the Zambian society it further goes on to explain whether or not social class is responsible for students educational attainment. The three main agents of social stratification are the family ,mass media and educational institution this is in line with Agumba (2009:45) who …show more content…
The working class in the Zambian society are the minimally educated people who engage in manual labour ,it should be noted that this class is the largest in the Zambian society.The members of this class are usually underpaid and they have no opportunity for career advancement this class can be reffered to as the working poor and much of what members of the class earn is exhausted on basic needs. This class is generally hardworking but lack realization of self potential and as such it is the most exploited class by the top classes.the class is characterized by jobs such as dishwashers maids skilled workers in this group also exist such as plumbers and carpenters, although the skilled workers in this class have the capacity to make more money than some members in the middle class their jobs are usually more taxing and they lack self confidence to establish themselves but they would rather work for the others in order to earn their wage. The middle class in the Zambian society has more money than those below them in the social ladder,this class is the main exploiter of the lower working class and is reffered to as the petty bourgeoisie (people who work but employ others).this class can be divided into the lower middle

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