Social Inequalities And Its Effects On Society Essay examples

1324 Words May 7th, 2016 null Page
All societies have ways by which people are classified by others, this is known as differentiation. The main types of differentiation include; gender, age, ethnicity, social class and disability. Societies also tend to have stratas or layers of people with different social importance, wealth and status; this is known as stratification (Punch et al, 2013). The result of stratification and differentiation is that people have different life chances in the course of their lives. Any society that has stratification will have some form of inequality. Social inequalities are established from power, status, wealth and income which are unequally distributed in society (Browne, 2011).

For sociologists, inequality outlines socially produced differences in well-being between different groups within society (Walsh, Moore and Stephens, 2000). Inequality still remains a perpetual feature of the British society. Substantial inequalities exist between individuals in terms of power and wealth, of which they use to pursue their ambitions, maintain good health and live a good life. There are many ways to understand the economic and material inequalities by gender, ethnicity, age and race. However, sociologists have favoured concentrating on the category of social class (Gibson and Yuill, 2010).

Class is important within the British society, functionalists believe that social inequality is an inevitable part of today’s society, only if recruitment is distributed fairly and based on merit and…

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