Social Disorganization Theory Aspects Between Age And Crime

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Over the years there have been many studies looking into the predictors of crime. Many researchers have strongly correlated age, race, gender, and economic status together to find the individuals most likely to commit crimes. Studies have shown that typically, males, beginning at age 17 into their early twenties, commit crime. The fact is that a majority of these individuals are of a minority race, and from a lower economic status. Although many of these theories, for example, general strain theory, self- control theory and also social bonds theories discuss the roles of age and race to crime. For the purpose of this paper we are going to look to approach the theories that best correlate to age and crime and also race and crime. Then look at …show more content…
Shaw and McKays’ original social disorganization theory was never directly tested but when tested, the results supported their theory. “Shaw and McKay argued three structural factors: low economic status, ethnic heterogeneity, and residential mobility” (Sampson & Groves, 1989). These three factors led to the disruption of the community’s social organization, in turn this led to variations in crime and delinquency. This theory looks at differences between certain communities and crime rates. During the 1920’s Burgess organized the concentric zones made up of residential, occupational, and class characteristics. In the middle part of the zone, which is towards the inner city areas, where jobs and transportation is held is where the most crime took place. The further out from the middle are the nicer residential areas that call for less crime. This is because as inner cities started to grow, those that had the money to move out of the city and away from the pollution and work that was being done, and those that did not have the funds to move, stayed (Vito & Maahs, 2012). Later when immigrants would move into cities to find work they had no money and no way of transportation so they would then move into these communities in the middle of the zone. This ultimately led to social disorganization by the immigrants moving in it would weaken the social ties of that community (Vito & Maahs, 2012). Due to this change in social ties and too many different types of ethnic groups trying to live in one area, we began to see the formation of gangs within the community. Over the years these areas have continued to stay run down and have higher crime rate. Due to these issues nobody of higher economic background has moved into these areas, in order to help it grow. Typically those of a minority race other than Caucasian make up the highest among poverty rating, so these inner city,

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