Essay on Slavery : The Legal Incarceration Of Humans

1057 Words Nov 16th, 2016 5 Pages
Slavery was the legal incarceration of humans and existed in the United States of American during the 18th and 19th centuries. British North American had partaken in enslavement from early colonial days and it was legal in all Thirteen Colonies at the time of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Northern states abolished slavery by the end of the 18th century, although some were gradual systems that kept adults slaves for two decades. Because of the creation of the cotton gin and the increased demand for slaves that came with it, the Southern states continued as slave societies. Slaves were deeply rooted in the South’s economy, politics and culture and while the plantation class did all they could to defend it, African Americans fought to maintain their identity and to gain freedom. The Southern economy depended upon slavery. Manpower to work and harvest crops of the field was a necessity in the agrarian culture of the South and there was not enough whites willing to do the grueling work to grow the cash crops, tobacco, cotton, rice and indigo. Although the majority of slaves worked in plantation agriculture, many worked in other areas such as butlers, maids, seamstresses, carriage drivers and stable hands, which are all jobs that white people would not do, thus these slaves are what kept the economy going. When Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793, it increased the production of cotton but also increased the need for more slaves to work the fields. This in…

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