Sigmund Freud's Personality Theory Analysis

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Sigmund Freud’s Personality Theory
Forces in personality Freud mentioned that the driving forces to an individual’s personality is their instincts in which incorporates four main characteristics, such as, a source, an aim to gratify the need, a motivation that drives an individual to act as well as an object through which the instinct is achieved (Ryckman, 2013). Emma is experiencing problems with her husband, and therefore, she is having an affair to satisfy her needs of pleasure. Freud mentions that life instincts, also known as Eros, is the to satisfy life in which an individual is motivated to satisfy their needs (Ryckman, 2013). Emma is driven by Eros, to satisfy her need of sexual satisfaction. Thanatos, also known as the death instinct,
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However, these aims are not that easy for Emma to achieve. This is based on the construct named the Id, in which Freud states that it is the original aspect of an individual’s personality rooted in their biological context (Ryckman, 2013). The id’s main aim is to seek pleasure and to avoid pain, and therefore, consist of sexual urges and aggressions within the unconscious, depriving the status of society views (Ryckman, 2013). The ego however, acts as a compulsive aspect in which organisation and realistic transactions within the environment is regulated and satisfied. The ego is the organised aspect of the id, and in relation to Emma, it drives her to not being able to easily satisfy her urges 5 and aims, as she has to follow a set of realistic thought processes before she can make a decision, that my influence and either affect her positively or negatively (Ryckman, …show more content…
These forces are associated with anxiety, in which an individual experience to satisfy or create the equilibrium between the various constructs, which is knows as Defence mechanisms. Emma experiences defence mechanism such as: Suppression. Emma stops her thoughts of her having an affair, which causes anxiety within her, by not thinking about the fact that she is having an affair and putting the thoughts into her unconscious. Fred states that this is a defence mechanism where an individual stops anxiety provoking thoughts that are currently conscious, by not thinking about them and could be reactivated and made conscious by the will of an individual (Ryckman, 2013). Sublimation. Emma is experiencing frustration with her husband, in which her sexual desires are not being met, therefore, she is aggressive and angry. Emma channels these feelings into helping other women overcome marital problems at the local community service, as Emma is seen as powerful, brave and she gives back to the community. According to Freud, sublimation is when an individual transforms their impulses of the id, rather

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