Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of Psychosexual Development Essay

1949 Words Nov 14th, 2016 8 Pages
There are various behaviours that individuals exhibit that can be traced to childhood experiences. In understanding this, theoretical models have been developed to not only help explain why individuals exhibit behaviours, but how these behaviours transpire. Analyzing Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory with respect to his stages of psychosexual development, while also drawing on aspects of Alfred Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory is necessary to assess Myra’s personality impediments. Thus, an evaluation of two relevant theories in the field of personality psychology will lay the framework to explain Myra’s peculiar behaviour.
Understanding Psychoanalytic Theory and Freud’s theory of Psychosexual Development
While Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory is all-encompassing, the focus will be on his Psychosexual development for this case. Drawing on the theoretical explanation of psychosexual development, Freud posits that a person engages in processes to satisfy their needs, seek pleasure, and reduce tension (Funder, 2016). This is accomplished by the Ego, Superego and the Id. Freud noted that the Id was the part of one’s mind that focused specifically on gratification and satisfying one’s needs (Funder, 2016). As well, the Superego would be considered the opposite: the part of one’s mind that regulated certain behaviours and was concerned with morality (Funder, 2016). The Ego, then, according to Freud, was the regulator between the Id and Superego, and any observable behaviour one…

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