Essay about Should Cloning Be Used Among Human And Animal Beings?
Cloning is the process by which a genetically identical copy of an organism has naturally occurred or been created in a laboratory (Genetics Generation, 2015). The most significant cloning example was attained in 1996, where ‘Dolly the sheep’, the first mammal clone was created by somatic cell nuclear transfer by Ian Wilmut and Keith Campbell (University of Utah, 2016). Since Dolly was cloned, several other cloning breakthroughs have been inaugurated. Although scientists are still trying to clone humans, perfectly clone farm animals for food and revive extinct animals, it is still debated on whether cloning is worth it ethically and morally. Cloning is a contentious topic which can be evaluated to conclude whether cloning should be used among human and animal beings.
There are three types of artificial cloning; gene cloning, reproductive cloning and therapeutic cloning. Gene cloning produces copies of genes or parts of DNA, reproductive cloning produces copies of whole animals, and therapeutic cloning produces embryonic stem cells for experiments aimed at replacing injured or diseased tissues (Genetics.edu.au. 2016). Gene cloning is the most common type of cloning done by researchers on human embryos, whereas researchers use reproductive cloning on animals (National Human Genome Research Institute [NHGRI] 2015). In reproductive cloning on animals, a…