Self Harming Effects Essay

2081 Words 9 Pages
III. Self-harming Effects When a child experiences various forms of abuse, such as physical, psychological, sexual abuse or neglect, they are prone to have self-harming behavior once they reach young adulthood. The effects of child abuse or neglect can hinder proper development and socialization. This makes it difficult later on in life for children to handle their emotions. This usually leads to externalization of behavior or internalization of behavior. Studies suggest that boys are more likely to externalize and females are more likely to internalize their emotions. One method of dealing with the effects of adverse childhood experiences is self-harm.
Various types of child neglect can lead to serious self-harming behavior. Brandon,
…show more content…
Collin, Daigneault, and Herbert reviewed multiple research articles that focused on child sexual abuse and the various effects it can have on a child. The research focused on four trauma causing factors, the first is traumatic sexualization, followed by betrayal, powerlessness and stigmatization. Child sexual abuse is known to cause many developmental programs in victims. The most common issues noted in the literature were post-traumatic stress, disassociation behavior, depression and inability to form healthy sexual relationships (Collin et al: 2013). Sexual abuse can be considered one of the worst forms of abuse that a child can experience based on the incredibly high amount of short term and long term effects that come with child sexual abuse. The long term effects are particularly concerning because they can negatively impact a child’s entire life. Collin discussed four ways in which a child reacts to child sexual abuse. In a small number of cases children show few symptoms and even less common is when a child does not show any symptoms of abuse. When a child does not externally or internally express their emotions it does not mean that the abuse they experienced was any less severe than someone who shows multiple symptoms of abuse. Their reaction to the abuse, or lack thereof, is accredited to that specific child’s resiliency and ability to cope with the situation. Most victims are …show more content…
Miller, Smythers, Weismoore, and Renshaw examined 55 empirical studies regarding child maltreatment that occurred before the age of 18, that led to suicidal behavior during adolescence. The studies varied between cross-sectional and longitudinal and ranged in number of participants from 100 to over 80,000. The researchers found the 27 of the 55 studies showed that sexual abuse positively correlated with suicide attempts. While 16 of the 55 showed positive correlation between physical abuse and suicide attempts (Miller et al: 2013). Physical and sexual abuse correlate with suicide attempts later in adulthood; however, emotional abuse and neglect were correlated with suicidal ideation and tendencies among adolescents. If a child experienced both physical and sexual abuse, sexual abuse is more important when explaining suicide attempts and ideation. When a child is exposed to sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse and emotional neglect research suggests that sexual abuse and emotional abuse were the leading causes of suicide attempts and ideation while physical abuse and neglect were less of a concern (Miller et al: 2013). The research suggested that there were a couple extenuating factors for suicidal ideation and attempts among adults including gender and severity of the abuse. Seven out of eight studies that considered gender in correlation to suicidal

Related Documents