Right Realist Theory Of Crime

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Right Realism Is a theory on crime that rose in the 1980s and played a major role on influencing both the UK and USA. The theory claims that the criminals actual choose to break the law due to the forces within the individual rather than being affected by factors. The also argued that individual who have not been appropriately socialised, will be much more likely to break the law. They believe that crime is unavoidable and therefore can only be reduced and not eliminate. Therefore the government should work towards punishing the criminals instead of eliminating causes of crime such as poverty

Left realism
Left realist believes that criminal is not influenced with nature. They agree with classic theory in the sense that crimes needs to have
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Voluntarism vs Determinism

Voluntarism theory supports Cesare Beccaria’s classical theory. The theory acts in accordance with the punishment system proposed by the classical theory, however it adds the section that an individual is aware of his actions and they themselves choose to commit the crime. The punishment system that is used classical theory was applied by judges in voluntarism theory, however longer sentences were given and there was more use of prison in order to prevent criminals. This is because a criminal is conscious of his action so to prevent them from committing the crime again, strict sentences must be given

Determinism goes against voluntarism and believes that criminals do not have a free will, but it was due to problems that are out of their control. The idea is that people need assistance to control something, that is beyond their control and not controllable by an individual. For example an individual may have a mental illness that could have affected actions of the individual, and could have been the cause to why they committed the crime , so therefore special treatment could be given.

Describe all six criminological explanations of
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The main reasons of crime are the social and economic forces operating within the whole society. The CJS and criminal law are understood to be operating on behalf of elite, rich, powerful socially privileged and rich aimed at correcting the less privileged. The criminal justice institution aims at imposing standards of good behaviour created by the powerful on the society. Effort is on separating the elites from the have-nots who would steal from others and protecting themselves from coming under any physical attacks. In the nutshell of process the legal rights of the unprivileged individuals may be overlooked. The middle class society are also co-opted; they on the side with the elites rather the poor or unprivileged, hoping they might themselves reach to the top on one day by supporting the status quo. Criminals committing minor street crimes, ones are routinely punished rather severely, criminals with large scale financial and business crimes are treated much more leniently. Any theft of a Television might receive a much longer sentence than stealing millions or billions through illegal business

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