Left realist believes that criminal is not influenced with nature. They agree with classic theory in the sense that crimes needs to have …show more content…
Voluntarism vs Determinism
Voluntarism theory supports Cesare Beccaria’s classical theory. The theory acts in accordance with the punishment system proposed by the classical theory, however it adds the section that an individual is aware of his actions and they themselves choose to commit the crime. The punishment system that is used classical theory was applied by judges in voluntarism theory, however longer sentences were given and there was more use of prison in order to prevent criminals. This is because a criminal is conscious of his action so to prevent them from committing the crime again, strict sentences must be given
Determinism goes against voluntarism and believes that criminals do not have a free will, but it was due to problems that are out of their control. The idea is that people need assistance to control something, that is beyond their control and not controllable by an individual. For example an individual may have a mental illness that could have affected actions of the individual, and could have been the cause to why they committed the crime , so therefore special treatment could be given.
Describe all six criminological explanations of …show more content…
The main reasons of crime are the social and economic forces operating within the whole society. The CJS and criminal law are understood to be operating on behalf of elite, rich, powerful socially privileged and rich aimed at correcting the less privileged. The criminal justice institution aims at imposing standards of good behaviour created by the powerful on the society. Effort is on separating the elites from the have-nots who would steal from others and protecting themselves from coming under any physical attacks. In the nutshell of process the legal rights of the unprivileged individuals may be overlooked. The middle class society are also co-opted; they on the side with the elites rather the poor or unprivileged, hoping they might themselves reach to the top on one day by supporting the status quo. Criminals committing minor street crimes, ones are routinely punished rather severely, criminals with large scale financial and business crimes are treated much more leniently. Any theft of a Television might receive a much longer sentence than stealing millions or billions through illegal business