Rehab Essay

854 Words Apr 17th, 2014 4 Pages
Walker cites the National Academy of Sciences stating that rehabilitation is “any planned intervention that reduces an offender’s further criminal activity (Walker 251).” Walker breaks down rehabilitation models into two groups, the new and the old groups. The new groups that Walker suggests may have some positive hope are reentry programs, and drug courts. The old groups include probation, parole, and other reintegration programs. Worrall has a similar definition of rehabilitation, stating that “rehabilitation consist of a planned intervention intended to change behavior (Worrall 40). He similarly assesses several of these programs and reaches similar conclusions as Walker.
Drug courts are specialized courts that focus on substance
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This is due to several reasons, first probationers largely receive no treatment, only supervision, and even this supervision is often very intermittent, and there are quality control issues with both treatments and supervision (Walker 256).
Parole is the most classic example of a reintegration program, and it involves releasing a prisoner early back into the community, usually under some type of treatment and supervision, similar to probation (Walker 257). Besides trying to rehabilitate offenders, parole also serves several other purposes, such as giving prisoners an incentive to behave well, giving the corrections system a tool to control prisoners, and serves as a way to deal with prison overcrowding (Walker 257). Walker assesses parole as largely a failure, stating that most paroles will be rearrested for new a crime, or for a technical violation of their conditions of release (Walker 258). The reasons for these failures are similar to the reasons many probationer fail. Supervision is generally minimal and intermittent, treatment programs for parolees are not widely available and their content was questionable (Walker 259).
Worrall has similar sentiments about probation and parole. He cites the same RAND study as Walker, which concluded that two thirds of probationers were rearrested during their time on probation (Worrall 210). Parolees faired similarly, citing a Bureau of Justice

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