Drug courts are specialized courts that focus on substance …show more content…
Parole is the most classic example of a reintegration program, and it involves releasing a prisoner early back into the community, usually under some type of treatment and supervision, similar to probation (Walker 257). Besides trying to rehabilitate offenders, parole also serves several other purposes, such as giving prisoners an incentive to behave well, giving the corrections system a tool to control prisoners, and serves as a way to deal with prison overcrowding (Walker 257). Walker assesses parole as largely a failure, stating that most paroles will be rearrested for new a crime, or for a technical violation of their conditions of release (Walker 258). The reasons for these failures are similar to the reasons many probationer fail. Supervision is generally minimal and intermittent, treatment programs for parolees are not widely available and their content was questionable (Walker 259).
Worrall has similar sentiments about probation and parole. He cites the same RAND study as Walker, which concluded that two thirds of probationers were rearrested during their time on probation (Worrall 210). Parolees faired similarly, citing a Bureau of Justice