Red Blood Cells: Iron-Deficiency Anemia

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Red Blood Cells
The red blood cells, scientifically known as Erythrocytes, are stored and developed in the bone marrow. The Erythrocytes make up around around 40 percent of the blood’s volume. In our body we have approximately 20-30 trillion Erythrocytes and every single one contain about 270 million hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein filled with iron, which gives the blood its red color. Hemoglobin allows the Erythrocytes to carry oxygen through blood vessels from the lungs and bring it to all of body tissues via blood flow in the circulatory system. The red blood cells also bring carbon dioxide away from the tissues back into the lungs. The hemoglobin is located in the cytoplasm of the Erythrocytes. Every second over 2 million new red
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Iron-deficiency anemia, as described in its name, is anemia due to not enough iron in your body. The cause of this is because there isn’t enough red blood cells/hemoglobin in your body. 70 percent of your body’s iron is found in the hemoglobin of your red blood cells. Not having enough iron will affect your body’s ability to make healthy red blood cells. If you do not have enough iron, the red blood cells will have difficulty carrying oxygen from the lungs. Iron deficiency anemia is curable, you just have to increase the amount of iron on your body. One way to not have enough iron in your system can be related to your diet. Eating foods containing iron is one way to treat the anemia. Examples of food that contain large amounts of iron are: red meats, beans, dried fruits, spinach, many cereals, bread, and pasta. Another way that your body loses iron is from loss of blood internally. Internal bleeding can be common from an excessive intake of painkillers. During pregnancy iron deficiency is caused by large amounts of menstrual bleeding. Parasitic worms can also cause internal bleeding and is not easy to detect. There are other medical conditions that could also cause internal bleeding such as colon cancer or a stomach ulcer. Iron deficiency through genetics is very rare, but it is possible. It actually goes by the name iron refractory iron-deficiency. It is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by the mutations in the gene TMPRSS6. I will break down what this means. Auto recessive is a way of passing down a disease, trait, or disorder through families. The mutation of this gene is abnormal and that is why it is considered a disease. To inherit the disease from your parents, there must be 2 copies of the abnormal gene in order for the disease to

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