Realism Is The Fundamental Principle Of International Conflict

1012 Words Sep 29th, 2016 5 Pages
Realism is a school of thought that emphasized foreign policy makers to focus on mutual interests in order to promote the coexistence of all societies (Dunne & Schmidt, 2014, p. 100). However realism has undergone many renaissances to come to promote coexistence of all societies. It became institutional post World War II as world powers looked to work together under reason d’etat which according to historian Frederich Meinecke is “the fundamental principle of international conflict, the state 's first law of motion “It tells the statesman what he must do to preserve health and strength of the state (1957:1)” (Dunne, Schmidt, 2014, p.100). Realism preaches the security of all societies locally and globally.
Prior to the implementation of realism in global politics, in the time of Sparta and Athens, man was not for peace but power. According to Thucydides politics was motivated by the desire for more power according to Dunne and Schmidt the behavior of the state was understood to be a “self-seeking egoist and was a reflection of the characteristics of human beings” (Dunne and Schmidt, 2014, p.100). You are probably wondering well this doesn’t sound like international peace wasn’t even considered to be an element of realism. Well, this was during times it was a struggle to survive so attempting to establish peace could be considered futile. In the interest of the national interests of both Sparta and Athens: “felt equally compared to pursue power in order to preserve the…

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